Types of Gemstones:
Many gemstone rings are crafted with birthstones and often are a beautiful complement to engagement rings.
What to look for when shopping for a gemstone:
• The most valuable gemstone will exhibit a pure color showing only “slight” hints of colors other than the primary color.
• Tone is the strength of color; from colorless to black often referred to as “light,” “medium-light,” “medium,” “medium-dark,” and “dark.”
• The less brown or grey in a gemstone color the more saturated the color and the more desirable the gemstone, often referred to as having “vivid” or “strong” color saturation.
Each individual gemstone form under its unique circumstance with traces of minerals, that can create unique sets of marks know as inclusions. Inclusions do not necessarily detract from the beauty or desirability of gemstones and only exceptional gemstones have few or no inclusions and command extravagant prices. Some gemstones, such as aquamarine, blue topaz, and citrine, have fewer inclusions while other gemstones, such as emerald and ruby, tend to have a higher amounts of inclusions even opaque opals can have milky inclusions that will affect their iridescence and color play. In general, the best values are available in a gemstone that are moderately included. The best values for gemstone have moderate amounts of inclusion not visible to the naked eye.
Colored gemstones are generally cut to maximize the beauty of their color.
A good cut showcases the gemstone’s color, diminishes its inclusions, and exhibits good overall symmetry and proportion. Cut shape may vary. Gemstones with more saturated color, can be more shallow than average cuts to allow for more light to pass through the gemstone, while in a less saturated gemstone, the color may look for saturation from a deeper cut.
The carat weight of a gemstone does not necessarily allow you to accurately envision the size of the gemstone. Different types of gemstones have different densities there fore two gems that appear to be the same size, may actually have different weights. For example, a ruby is denser than a diamond, so a 1-carat ruby will look smaller than a 1-carat diamond. Always look for the dimensions of a gemstone to ensure that the majority of the gemstone weight will be visible when set in the setting.